Basic moral norms for promise-maintaining and never harming others are reflected in the civil legislation of contracts and torts. In the United States, both the states and the federal government have roles to play, and generally these roles will overlap, as in environmental requirements set by both states and the federal government. Lawyers still symbolize the interests of their clients in civil proceedings, however have a much less central role.
Judge Swift, in his System of the Laws of Connecticut, prefers the time period civil law, to that of municipal legislation. He considers the term municipal to be too restricted in its signification. Administrative company regulations have the drive of law if they have a binding impact on the rights and duties of individuals. For example, Interior Department rules that prohibit mining or logging in certain areas of the nation are considered regulation, despite the fact that they don’t seem to be formulated by an elected official or decide.
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