This section provides clear English definitions of widespread legal terms used within the Legal Library. Debtor: An individual who owes cash; somebody liable by contract to pay a claim. Of fraud will trigger a courtroom to void a contract and may give rise to criminal legal responsibility. Any merchandise offered to the court as proof in a trial. A file is permanent proof that some event, transaction, settlement, contract, act, etcetera, has taken place legally.
If the victim’s negligence, in comparison with the defendant’s, is equal to or higher in terms of contributing to the situation which induced the damage or harm, such comparative negligence might lead to either a discount of the award against the defendant, proportionate to the contribution of the victim’s negligence, and even forestall an award altogether.
Garnishee – The seizing of an individual’s property, credit score or wage, on the idea of a regulation which permits it, and for the needs of paying off a debt. A celebration to court docket proceedings against whom reduction is claimed by an applicant or an appellant. Heirs-at-law: Individuals who inherit cash or property, or who will naturally inherit property if someone dies without making a will.
Consideration – Beneath widespread regulation, there can be no binding contract without consideration, which was outlined in an 1875 English choice as “some proper, interest, revenue or benefit accruing to the one celebration, or some forbearance, detriment, loss or accountability given, suffered or undertaken by the other”.